A migraine headache is characterized by intense throbbing pain or a pulsating sensation on one side of the brain. It’s often accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and a heightened sensitivity to light and sound. For some patients, a warning sensation known as an aura arises before or together with their headaches. Auras can cause visual disruptions like flashes of light or blind patches, as well as other symptoms including tingling on one side of the face, arm, or leg, and difficulties speaking. Some migraines can be prevented and made less painful with the use of medication and lifestyle changes
Causes of migraines:
Although its causes are unknown, some habits trigger migraines.
- Hormonal changes in women, especially when estrogen is low and before and during – menstruation.
- Certain medications such as vasodilators or hormonal drugs such as contraceptives.
- Foods such as salty and processed, as well as some types of cheese and meat.
- Drinks such as caffeine or alcohol.
- Sensory Stimuli: such as bright lights, sunlight, loud sounds or strong smells.
- Sleep disturbances.
- Change in weather.
Preventing and reducing migraine pain
- Medicines to relieve symptoms during an attack such as Panadol migraine.
- Food supplements such as magnesium, vitamin D, vitamin B1, melatonin and enzyme Q10.
- Rest with eyes closed in a quiet, dark room, and go to sleep and put a cold cloth or ice on the forehead or behind the neck.
- Doing activities and hobbies and avoiding everything that triggers a migraine attack.