What is GERD (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)?

What is GERD (Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease)?

 

Do you know that Gastroesophageal reflux disease affects millions of people worldwide! 

The stomach produces acid that if it moves up into the esophagusa burning pain sensation will happen that is called “heartburn” and sometimes patients complain of a sour taste in the mouth. pain initiates from the stomach to the chest and the patient feels uncomfortable, also vomiting, cough, and problems swallowing may occur.

What are the causes of acid reflux?

  • Weakness or relaxation of lower esophageal sphincter then acid goes up.
  • If pregnant because of the pressure on the stomach.
  • fast and spicy food.
  • it may occur after taking medication for asthma, high blood pressure, and allergies; as well as painkillers, sedatives, and anti-depressants.

Treatment

So, regarding treatment, it includes the following:  

  • Antacids that neutralize the acid in your stomach to relieve indigestion and heartburn such as TUMS, Rolaids, Gaviscon, and Maalox.
  • Proton pump inhibitors that reduce the production of acid by blocking the enzyme in the wall of the stomach that produces acid such as Esomeprazole (Nexium), Lansoprazole (Prevacid), and Pantoprazole.
  • H-2 receptor blockers that bind to histamine type 2 receptors on the surface of gastric parietal cells so decrease acid production such as Nizatidine, Zantac