Depression, unlike regular mood swings, is a serious health problem, especially when it lasts for a long period. It can lead to suicide, so it should not be overlooked!

Sad emoji. Depression concept

What is depression?

It is classified into several categories based on its symptoms and causes, such as:

  • Major depressive disorder: characterized by acute or overwhelming symptoms that persist for more than two weeks and interfere with everyday activities.
  • Bipolar depression: characterized by alternating periods of low mood and extreme energy
  • Perinatal and postpartum depression: affects women after they give birth or during pregnancy
  • Premenstrual dysphoric disorder: is a severe form of premenstrual disorder
  • Seasonal affective disorder: usually develops in late fall and early winter

Many factors can cause depression, for example:

  • People who have gone through a difficult life event, such as losing a loved one.
  • Physical health as depression can lead to cardiovascular disease and vice versa.
  • People who are easily overwhelmed or have struggles to cope.
  • People who have relatives with depression due to genetic factors
  • Abnormalities in brain chemical levels.
  • Side effects of some medications.

Symptoms vary greatly between people, and depression symptoms are sometimes confused with normal mood swings. However, depression symptoms generally last for more than two weeks and have a severe impact on your job, social, and family life.

Although there are several symptoms, it is difficult to get all of them

Psychological symptoms

  • Sadness
  • Feeling depressed or anxious
  • Having trouble making decisions
  • Not getting any enjoyment out of life
  • Having suicidal thoughts

Physical symptoms

  • Moving or speaking slower than usual
  • Eating disorders such as losing appetite or overeating
  • Constipation
  • Sleep disorders

Social symptoms

  • Avoiding contact with friends
  • Avoiding participating in social events
  • Neglecting your hobbies and interests
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What is the treatment?

Treatment depends on the type and severity of symptoms. Treatment includes several methods such as:

  • Exercising.
  • Talking to a friend or a doctor about your feelings.
  • Cognitive-behavioral therapy teaches patients how to overcome negative thoughts.
  • A focus on the patient’s relationships with others and personal therapy.
  • Psychological analysis to encourage the patient to express his thoughts and emotions.

Your doctor may prescribe antidepressants for moderate or severe cases such as:

  1. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) help increase the level of serotonin, the “good mood” chemical substance.
  2. Tricyclic antidepressants boost mood by raising the levels of serotonin and norepinephrine.