What you must know about Osteoporosis?

What you must know about Osteoporosis?

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There are many types of bone diseases, but osteoporosis is the most common, which causes our bones to weaken and become more prone to fracture. Surprisingly, many individuals have osteoporosis, which results in weak bones, but they are unaware of it until a fracture happens. Because osteoporosis is typically asymptomatic bone loss that develops over a long period of time and does not cause pain.

Risk factors for osteoporosis

Many factors can increase the risk of osteoporosis. There are some factors you can control while others you can’t!

Modifiable risk factors for osteoporosis

Fortunately, some of them can be controlled such as:

  1. Eating unhealthy foods. Diet plays a big role, for example, getting too little calcium or vitamin D.
  2. Lack of exercise. It is important to get regular physical activity, because not exercising for long periods.
  3. Being thin.
  4. Smoking can prevent your body from making use of the calcium you eat.
  5. Drinking alcohol makes you more likely to get osteoporosis.
  6. Taking some medications that can cause bone loss.

Unmodifiable risk factors

  1. The incidence increases with age.
  2. Women are more likely to be affected because they have smaller bones than men and lose bones faster than men due to hormonal changes that occur after menopause.
  3. Family history. Having a family member with osteoporosis or a broken bone may also increase your risk.

Tips to maintain healthy bones

Following these steps can help you improve your bone health:

  • Eat a balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D. Calcium-rich foods include low-fat dairy products. While good sources of vitamin D include egg yolks and liver.
  • Do a lot of physical activity to make your bones stronger. The best exercises for healthy bones are walking, climbing stairs, lifting weights, and dancing. Try to exercise daily for 30 minutes.
  • Follow a healthy lifestyle.
  • Discuss your bone health with your doctor. Consult your doctor about your risk factors and if you should get a bone density test. Your doctor may prescribe medicine to help prevent bone loss and bone fractures.
  • To avoid falls, test your vision regularly and check your house for dangers such as loose carpets and poor lighting. A fall, especially in those with osteoporosis, might result in a broken bone.